The mostly fragmented texts, are numbered according to the cave that they came out of.
They have been called the greatest manuscript discovery of modern times.
The initial discovery, by Bedouin shepherd Muhammed edh-Dhib, his cousin Jum'a Muhammed, and Khalil Musa, took place between November 1946 and February 1947.
Now identified among the scrolls are 19 fragments of Isaiah, 25 fragments of Deuteronomy and 30 fragments of the Psalms.Libby had first started using the dating method in 1946 and the early testing required relatively large samples, so testing on scrolls themselves only became feasible when methods used in the dating process were improved upon. Davies made a request to date a number of scrolls, which led to a series of tests carried out in Zurich on samples from fourteen scrolls.Among these were samples from other sites around the Dead Sea, which contained date indications within the text to supply a control for the carbon dating results.The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in eleven caves along the northwest shore of the Dead Sea between the years 19.The area is 13 miles east of Jerusalem and is 1300 feet below sea level.